A Review on Precision Cultivation: The emerging modern and scientific concept for sustainable agriculture

Authors

N. K. Wagholikar, S. B. Jagtap

Department of Physics, Sir Parashurambhau College, Pune – 411030

Abstract

Recently in the agricultural sector Precision cultivation also known as precision agriculture has emerged as the most influential concept. Precision agriculture can be defined as “Use of Information Technology for designing effective management strategy of the collected data from multiple sources and make decision relating agricultural yield, product marketing , funds and labour”. The main objectives of precision cultivation are to increase yield efficiency, to improve quality, to reduce environmental degradation, to conserve energy and protection of soil and water. Key components of precision farming are: Information, Technology and Management. Precision crop growing technologies are classified into four major areas: Sensors and Instrumentation, Global positioning system (GPS), Geographic information system (GIS) and Data management. Precision cultivation promises higher yield and lower input cost due to reduction in labour and waste. It also helps to minimize environmental degradation and pollution.