Bioethanol Production From agricultural Waste

Authors

Dr. Saroj Kumar Acharya
Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Odisha, India.

Abstract

The global demand for ethanol is growing steadily due to increase in population and industrialization. Due to their main food and feed value, conventional crops such as maize and sugar cane are unable to satisfy the global requirement for production of bio-ethanol. Lignocellulosic substances like agricultural waste are therefore appealing feedstocks for the manufacturing of bioethanol. Waste from agriculture can be a promising technology to produce bioethanol. Though, there are some problems in handling and transportation of biomass but can be avoided by proper pre-treatment of waste. Proper treatment will increase the fermentable sugar concentration and will improve the efficiency of the whole process. This paper discusses about the available agricultural waste, technologies and various process undergone for bio-ethanol production.