PERCEPTION AND IMPACT OF DROUGHT ON SOCIO ECONMIC CONDTION OF FARMERS IN POLLACHI TALUK

Authors

Dr.S.B.Gayathri
Associate professor and Head Department of commerce professional accounting
Nallamuthu gounder Mahalingam College
Pollachi-642 001

Ms.K.Indhu
M.Phil Research scholar
Nallamuthu gounder Mahalingam College
Pollachi-642 001

Abstract

Area gets less than its normal amount of rain, over months or even years. Crops and plants are needs waters to extend, and other animals need it to live but the drought can became warm to the people and other land animals causing famine and even creating deserts. When a place is in a drought, it is dry and hot, often dusty; break may appear in the soil ,and rivers ,lakes, streams and others sources of water can go dry. A drought means that a place has less precipitation (rain or snow) than normal over flow months or even longer. In other words is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a insufficiency in its water supply like surface water or underground water and it is a prolonged shortages in supply , whether atmospheric etc., The drought is a deceptive hazard of nature. It related to a lack of precipitation over an extended period of time, usually for a season or more. This deficiency results in a water shortage for some activity, group, or environmental sector. Drought is also related to the timing of snow and other climatic factors such as high temperature, high wind, and low relative moisture.Drought produces wide ranging impacts that span across many sectors of the economy and are felt far beyond the area experiencing physical drought. Drought is a continual period of dry whether when an area gets less than its normal amount of rain, over months or even years. The drought have a substantial impact on the ecosystem and the agriculture of the effected region and harmful to the economy. Drought is a weather natural disaster. It affects broad region for months or years. Drought is an impact on food production and reduces life expectancy and the economic performance of large regions or entire countries and it is a replicate feature of climate. The objective of this research is to find out Azania Journal ISSN No: 1945-5534 Volume 21, Issue 7, July – 2021 Page – 1 the socio economic profile of the farmers and impact of drought among farmers in pollachi taluk. The research has been carried out in knowing the socio economic profile of the farmers and various impact of drought among farmers chosen convent sampling method. The simple percentage and chi square analysis was applied for analysing the data. It is found from the present study that there has been a farmers affected various impact of drought like economic, environmental and social impact.