PSYCHOSOCIAL PROBLEMS OF PRIMIGRAVIDA AT PALAKKAD DISTRICT OF KERALA STATE

Authors

R.SANDRA

Research Scholar
PG & Research Department of Social Work
Sree Saraswathi Thyagaraja College (Autonomous)
Pollachi, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu

Dr. K. PARTHASARATHY

Associate Professor
PG & Research Department of Social Work
Sree Saraswathi Thyagaraja College (Autonomous)
Pollachi, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu

Abstract

Pregnancy is a beautiful period of women’s life .It is a vast area to explore, much of which has already been unfolded as we see it. It’s a natural phenomenon and the period of transition .But in another phase of pregnancy or the transition leads to physical, psychological, social changes can be came regularly, these changes differ from person to person depends up on their life situation and how they look or accept these leads to problems. Pregnancy comes closely allied with defined roles of a women all over again .Unarguably pregnancy turns a woman’s world upside down. Numerous changes in her life occurred. Women’s positive mind and body is very much important in the time of gestation. The health during pregnancy has a broad enduring consequence for both women and their children. The lacking of support and care leads to psychosocial problems during pregnancy. The hormonal changes leads to psychological problems like anxiety, stress, depression etc and other type of serious diseases .To accept the change brings the positive result, but most of them didn’t accept or understand. Early assessment, screening and intervention are the most important factors for the positive outcome. This study aims to assess the level of psychological problems among primigravida. The sample of the present study would be drawn from various hospitals in Palakkad district of Kerala State. The sample size for the study is 370. They were selected through systematic sampling method. In this study Majority of the subjects were in the age group of 18-21years (32.2 %), Hindu religion (60%), educated up to higher secondary (60.5%), housewife (50.8%), class V socioeconomic class (34%), were in 3rd trimester (51%). This study revealed that 65% of subjects having some type of psychosocial problems & most of them either due to bad family support (51%) or financial constraint (31%).